What is belt conveyor
Generally conveyors are used to transport bulk materials in material handling industry. The range of tasks is depending on the weight required, the speed required and the throughput of products on the conveyor system. The belt conveyor minimizes human error and lowers the risk of the workplace and reduces label cost.
Generally, the belt is composed of one or more layers of materials. Most belts in general material handling consist of two layers. Carcass is the name of the under layer that provides linear strength and shape, while cover is the name of the over layer. Polyester, nylon and cotton are used most often to create the carcass, while a variety of rubber or plastic compounds specified by use of the belt are used to create the cover.
Belt conveyor systems consist of two or more pulleys. An endless loop of carrying medium—the conveyor belt— rotates about them. One or more of the pulleys will be powered moving the belt and the material on the belt forward and along the system.
Why Are Belt Conveyors Used
● Time saving
Belt conveyor can make it convenient to move the goods up and down floor, whch achieves the efficient transport of large volumes of items with short time consumption. Also it may lead to physical strain if the goods are moved manually by human.
● Labor saving
Belt conveyor can help transport the items which are too heavy or too bulky for humans to carry by hand.
● Space saving
The use of belt conveyor is also space efficient because it needs less space and personnel to move the goods.
● Lower price
Generally the belt conveyor is cheaper than other conveyor system. Conveyor belts are also useful in instances where the use of a roller conveyor system for example would be unsuitable due to items being too light, having irregular bottomed surfaces, or also being too small. Consequently, these items may not move, could slip, or even get stuck in the rollers.
Where are conveyor belts used?
Due to conveyor systems being adaptive, they are able to be used in most industries due to the variation of weight, length, and items they can carry. Conveyor belt is the fundamental element for the transport of items in a wide range of industries. Considering the huge range of utilities and considering the diversity of the transported products, the design options and manufacturing materials of the conveyor belts are very diverse.
● Logistic and distribution center
The conveyor belts are a basic element of any warehouse in a distribution center or logistics company. Most of the items are carried out thanks to conveyor belts.
Food is conveyed in the food grade belt conveyor for customers to choose, and it can avoid the food or plates falling between sections.
● Quarries and heavy industries
This conveyor is characterized by having to support heavy loads and move materials with great capacity of erosion or corrosive, Therefore, they are conveyor belts of very specific characteristics of great resistance to abrasion and high temperatures.
● Baggage transfer
All the baggage transfer that takes place in an airport or metro stations is done through belts or roller conveyors. Most of the baggage movements are carried out thanks to conveyor belts. As well as baggage, a large number of people are moved through conveyor belts in airport facilities, train stations or subway exchangers.
● Production system
Any manufacturing system at the industrial level includes conveyor belts that move the products between different points of processing, storage or distribution.
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